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NEW QUESTION 1
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
You have MAC addresses moving in your EVPN environment
Referring to the exhibit, which two statements are correct about the sequence number? (Choose two)

  • A. It identifies MAC addresses that should be discarded.
  • B. It resolves conflicting MAC address ownership claims.
  • C. It helps the local PE to identify the latest advertisement.
  • D. It is advertised using a Type 2 message

Answer: BC

Explanation:
The sequence number is a field in the MAC mobility extended community that is used to resolve conflicting MAC address ownership claims and to help the local PE to identify the latest advertisement. The sequence number is incremented by one for every MAC address mobility event, such as when a host moves from one Ethernet segment to another segment in the EVPN network. The PE device that receives multiple MAC advertisements for the same MAC address chooses the one with the highest sequence number as the most recent and valid advertisement.

NEW QUESTION 2
Which two statements about IS-IS are correct? (Choose two.)

  • A. PSNPs are flooded periodically.
  • B. PSNPs contain only descriptions of LSPs.
  • C. CSNPs are flooded periodically
  • D. CSNPs contain only descriptions of LSPs.

Answer: BC

Explanation:
IS-IS is an interior gateway protocol that uses link-state routing to exchange routing information among routers within a single autonomous system. IS-IS uses two types of packets to synchronize link-state databases among routers: Link State Packets (LSPs) and Partial Sequence Number Packets (PSNPs). LSPs contain information about the state and cost of links in the network, and are flooded periodically throughout the network. PSNPs are used to acknowledge receipt of LSPs and request retransmission of missing or corrupted LSPs. PSNPs contain only descriptions of LSPs, such as their sequence numbers and checksums3. IS-IS also uses another type of packet called Complete Sequence Number Packets (CSNPs), which are used to summarize the entire link-state database at regular intervals or when a new adjacency is formed. CSNPs are flooded periodically throughout the network and contain only descriptions of LSPs4. Therefore, PSNPs contain only descriptions of LSPs and CSNPs are flooded periodically. References: 3: https://www.juniper.net/documentation/us/en/software/junos/routing-
policy/topics/concept/routing-policy-is-is-partial-sequence-number-packet-psnp.html 4: https://www.juniper.net/documentation/us/en/software/junos/routing-policy/topics/concept/routing-policy-is-is-complete-sequence-number-packet-csnp.html

NEW QUESTION 3
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
The environment is using BGP All devices are in the same AS with reachability redundancy Referring to the exhibit, which statement is correct?

  • A. RR1 is peered to Client2 and RR2
  • B. RR2 is in an OpenConfirm State until RR1 becomes unreachable.
  • C. Client1 is peered to Client2 and Client3.
  • D. Peering is dynamically discovered between all devices.

Answer: A

Explanation:
BGP route reflectors are BGP routers that are allowed to ignore the IBGP loop avoidance rule and advertise IBGP learned routes to other IBGP peers under specific conditions. BGP route reflectors can reduce the number of IBGP sessions and updates in a network by eliminating the need for a full mesh of IBGP peers. BGP route reflectors can have three types of peerings:
✑ EBGP neighbor: A BGP router that belongs to a different autonomous system (AS) than the route reflector.
✑ IBGP client neighbor: An IBGP router that receives reflected routes from the route reflector. A client does not need to peer with other clients or non-clients.
✑ IBGP non-client neighbor: An IBGP router that does not receive reflected routes from the route reflector. A non-client needs to peer with other non-clients and the route reflector.
In the exhibit, we can see that RR1 and RR2 are route reflectors in the same AS with reachability redundancy. They have two types of peerings: EBGP neighbors (R1 and R4) and IBGP client neighbors (Client1, Client2, and Client3). RR1 and RR2 are also peered with each other as IBGP non-client neighbors.

NEW QUESTION 4
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
Referring to the exhibit, which three statements are correct about route 10 0 0.0/16 when using the default BGP advertisement rules'? (Choose three.)

  • A. R1 will prepend AS 65531 when advertising 10 0.0 0/16 to R2.
  • B. R1 will advertise 10.0.0.0/16 to R2 with 192 168 1 1 as the next hop.
  • C. R2 will advertise 10.0.0.0/16 to R3 with 192.168.1 1 as the next hop
  • D. R4 will advertise 10 0.0 0/16 to R6 with 172.16 1 1 as the next hop
  • E. R2 will advertise 10.0.0.0/16 to R4 with 172.16.1.1 as the next hop

Answer: BDE

Explanation:
The problem in this scenario is that R1 and R8 are not receiving each other’s routes because of private AS numbers in the AS path. Private AS numbers are not globally unique and are not advertised to external BGP peers. To solve this problem, you need to do the following:
✑ Configure loops on routers in AS 65412 and advertise-peer-as on routers in AS 64498. This allows R5 and R6 to advertise their own AS number (65412) instead of their peer’s AS number (64498) when sending updates to R7 and R8. This prevents a loop detection issue that would cause R7 and R8 to reject the routes from R5 and R62.
✑ Configure remove-private on advertisements from AS 64497 toward AS 64498 and from AS 64500 toward AS 64499. This removes any private AS numbers from the AS path before sending updates to external BGP peers. This allows R2 and R3 to receive the routes from R1 and R4, respectively3.

NEW QUESTION 5
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
Referring to the exhibit, PE-1 and PE-2 are getting route updates for VPN-B when neither of them service that VPN
Which two actions would optimize this process? (Choose two.)

  • A. Configure the family route-target statement on the PEs.
  • B. Configure the family route-target statement on the RR
  • C. Configure the resolution rib bgp . 13vpn . 0 resolution-ribs ine
  • D. 0 Statement on the PEs.
  • E. Configure the resolution rib bgp.l3vpn.O resolution-ribs ine
  • F. 0 Statement on the RR

Answer: BD

Explanation:
BGP route target filtering is a technique that reduces the number of routers that receive VPN routes and route updates, helping to limit the amount of overhead associated with running a VPN. BGP route target filtering is based on the exchange of the route-target address family, which contains information about the VPN membership of each PE device. Based on this information, a PE device can decide whether to accept or reject VPN routes from another PE device.
BGP route target filtering can be configured on PE devices or on route reflectors (RRs). Configuring BGP route target filtering on RRs is more efficient and scalable, as it reduces the number of BGP sessions and updates between PE devices. To configure BGP route target filtering on RRs, the following steps are required:
✑ Configure the family route-target statement under the BGP group or neighbor configuration on the RRs. This enables the exchange of the route-target address family between the RRs and their clients (PE devices).
✑ Configure the resolution rib bgp.l3vpn.0 resolution-ribs inet.0 statement under the routing-options configuration on the RRs. This enables the RRs to resolve next hops for VPN routes using the inet.0 routing table.
✑ Configure an export policy for BGP route target filtering under the routing-options configuration on the RRs. This policy controls which route targets are advertised to each PE device based on their VPN membership.

NEW QUESTION 6
Which two statements are correct about VPLS tunnels? (Choose two.)

  • A. LDP-signaled VPLS tunnels only support control bit 0.
  • B. LDP-signaled VPLS tunnels use auto-discovery to provision sites
  • C. BGP-signaled VPLS tunnels can use either RSVP or LDP between the PE routers.
  • D. BGP-signaled VPLS tunnels require manual provisioning of sites.

Answer: BC

Explanation:
VPLS is a Layer 2 VPN technology that allows multiple sites to connect over a shared IP/MPLS network as if they were on the same LAN. VPLS tunnels can be signaled using either Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) or Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). LDP-signaled VPLS tunnels use auto-discovery to provision sites, meaning that PE routers can automatically discover other PE routers that belong to the same VPLS instance

NEW QUESTION 7
After a recent power outage, your manager asks you to investigate ways to automatically reduce the impact caused by suboptimal routing in your OSPF and OSPFv3 network after devices reboot.
Which three configuration statements accomplish this task? (Choose three.)

  • A. set protocols ospf overload timeout 900
  • B. set protocols ospf3 realm ipv4-unicast overload timeout 900
  • C. set protocols ospf overload
  • D. set protocols oapf3 overload timeout 900
  • E. set protocols ospf3 overload

Answer: AE

Explanation:
To reduce the impact of suboptimal routing in OSPF and OSPFv3 after devices reboot, you can use the overload feature to prevent a router from being used as a transit router for a specified period of time. This allows the router to stabilize its routing table before forwarding traffic for other routers. To enable the overload feature, you need to do the following:
✑ For OSPF, configure the overload statement under [edit protocols ospf] hierarchy level. You can also specify a timeout value in seconds to indicate how long the router should remain in overload state after it boots up. For example, set protocols ospf overload timeout 900 means that the router will be in overload state for 15 minutes after it boots up.
✑ For OSPFv3, configure the overload statement under [edit protocols ospf3] hierarchy level. You can also specify a realm (ipv4-unicast or ipv6-unicast) and a timeout value in seconds to indicate how long the router should remain in overload state after it boots up for each realm. For example, set protocols ospf3 realm ipv4- unicast overload timeout 900 means that the router will be in overload state for 15 minutes after it boots up for IPv4 unicast routing.

NEW QUESTION 8
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
CE-1 and CE-2 are part of a VPLS called Customer1 No connectivity exists between CE-1 and CE-2. In the process of troubleshooting, you notice PE-1 is not learning any routes for this VPLS from PE-2, and PE-2 is not learning any routes for this VPLS from PE-1.

  • A. The route target must match on PE-1 and PE-2.
  • B. The route distinguisher must match on PE-1 and PE-2.
  • C. The instance type should be changed to I2vpn.
  • D. The no-tunnel-services statement should be deleted on both PEs.

Answer: A

Explanation:
VPLS is a technology that provides Layer 2 VPN services over an MPLS network. VPLS uses BGP as its control protocol to exchange VPN membership information between PE routers. The route target is a BGP extended community attribute that identifies which VPN a route belongs to. The route target must match on PE routers that participate in the same VPLS instance, otherwise they will not accept or advertise routes for that VPLS.

NEW QUESTION 9
Exhibit.
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
Referring to the exhibit; the 10.0.0.0/24 EBGP route is received on R5; however, the route is being hidden.
What are two solutions that will solve this problem? (Choose two.)

  • A. On R4, create a policy to change the BGP next hop to itself and apply it to IBGP as an export policy
  • B. Add the external interface prefix to the IGP routing tables
  • C. Add the internal interface prefix to the BGP routing tables.
  • D. On R4, create a policy to change the BGP next hop to 172.16.1.1 and apply it to IBGP as an export policy

Answer: AB

Explanation:
the default behavior for iBGP is to propagate EBGP-learned prefixes without changing the next-hop. This can cause issues if the next-hop is not reachable via the IGP. One solution is to use the next-hop self command on R4, which will change the next-hop attribute to its own loopback address. This way, R5 can reach the next-hop via the IGP and install the route in its routing table.
Another solution is to add the external interface prefix (120.0.4.16/30) to the IGP routing tables of R4 and R5. This will also make the next-hop reachable via the IGP and allow R5 to use the route. According to2, this is a possible workaround for a pure IP network, but it may not work well for an MPLS network.

NEW QUESTION 10
You are configuring a BGP signaled Layer 2 VPN across your MPLS enabled core network. In this scenario, which statement is correct?

  • A. You must assign a unique site number to each attached site's configuration.
  • B. This type of VPN only supports Ethernet interfaces when connecting to CE devices.
  • C. This type of VPN requires the support of the inet-vpn NLRI on all core BGP devices
  • D. You must use the same route-distinguiaher value on both PE devices.

Answer: C

Explanation:
BGP signaled Layer 2 VPN is a type of VPN that uses BGP to distribute VPN labels and information for Layer 2 connectivity between sites over an MPLS network. BGP signaled Layer 2 VPN requires the support of the l2vpn NLRI on all core BGP devices1. The l2vpn NLRI is a new address family that carries Layer 2 VPN information such as the VPN identifier, the attachment circuit identifier, and the route distinguisher. The l2vpn NLRI is used for both auto-discovery and signaling of Layer 2 VPNs2. In this scenario, we are configuring a BGP signaled Layer 2 VPN across an MPLS enabled core network.
Therefore, we need to ensure that all core BGP devices support the l2vpn NLRI. References: 1: https://www.juniper.net/documentation/us/en/software/junos/vpn-l2/topics/concept/vpn-layer-2-overview.html 2: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/mp_l2_vpns/configuration/xe-16/mp-l2-vpns-xe-16-book/vpls-bgp-signaling-l2vpn- inter-as-option-a.html

NEW QUESTION 11
Which two statements are correct about IS-IS interfaces? (Choose two.)

  • A. If a broadcast interface is in both L1 and L2, one combined hello message is sent for both levels.
  • B. If a point-to-point interface is in both L1 and L2, separate hello messages are sent for each level.
  • C. If a point-to-point interface is in both L1 and L2, one combined hello message is sent for both levels.
  • D. If a broadcast interface is in both L1 and L2, separate hello messages are sent for each level

Answer: BD

Explanation:
IS-IS supports two levels of routing: Level 1 (intra-area) and Level 2 (interarea). An IS-IS router can be either Level 1 only, Level 2 only, or both Level 1 and Level 2. A router that is both Level 1 and Level 2 is called a Level 1-2 router. A Level 1-2 router sends separate hello messages for each level on both point-to-point and broadcast interfaces1. A point-to-point interface provides a connection between a single source and a single destination. A broadcast interface behaves as if the router is connected to a LAN.

NEW QUESTION 12
Exhibit
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You want Site 1 to access three VLANs that are located in Site 2 and Site 3 The customer- facing interface on the PE-1 router is configured for Ethernet-VLAN encapsulation.
What is the minimum number of L2VPN routing instances to be configured to accomplish this task?

  • A. 1
  • B. 3
  • C. 2
  • D. 6

Answer: B

Explanation:
To allow Site 1 to access three VLANs that are located in Site 2 and Site 3, you need to configure three L2VPN routing instances on PE-1, one for each VLAN. Each L2VPN routing instance will have a different VLAN ID and a different VNI for VXLAN encapsulation. Each L2VPN routing instance will also have a different vrf-target export value to identify which VPN routes belong to which VLAN. This way, PE-1 can forward traffic from Site 1 to Site 2 and Site 3 based on the VLAN tags and VNIs.

NEW QUESTION 13
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
Referring to the exhibit, which statement is correct?

  • A. The vrf-target configuration will allow routes to be shared between CE-1 and CE-2.
  • B. The vrf-target configuration will stop routes from being shared between CE-1 and CE-2.
  • C. The route-distinguisher configuration will allow overlapping routes to be shared between CE-1 and CE-2.
  • D. The route-diatinguisher configuration will stop routes from being shared between CE-1 and CE-2.

Answer: C

Explanation:
The route distinguisher (RD) is a BGP attribute that is used to create unique VPN IPv4 prefixes for each VPN in an MPLS network. The RD is a 64-bit value that consists of two parts: an administrator field and an assigned number field. The administrator field can be an AS number or an IP address, and the assigned number field can be any arbitrary value chosen by the administrator. The RD is prepended to the IPv4 prefix to create a VPN IPv4 prefix that can be advertised across the MPLS network without causing any overlap or conflict with other VPNs. In this question, we have two PE routers (PE-1 and PE-2) that are connected to two CE devices (CE-1 and CE-2) respectively. PE-1 and PE-2 are configured with VRFs named Customer-A and Customer-B respectively.

NEW QUESTION 14
Which two statements describe PIM-SM? (Choose two)

  • A. Routers with receivers send join messages to their upstream neighbors.
  • B. Routers without receivers must periodically prune themselves from the SPT.
  • C. Traffic is initially flooded to all routers and an S,G is maintained for each group
  • D. Traffic is only forwarded to routers that request to join the distribution tree.

Answer: AD

Explanation:
PIM sparse mode (PIM-SM) is a multicast routing protocol that uses a pull model to deliver multicast traffic. In PIM-SM, routers with receivers send join messages to their upstream neighbors toward a rendezvous point (RP) or a source-specific tree (SPT). The RP or SPT acts as the root of a shared distribution tree for a multicast group. Traffic is only forwarded to routers that request to join the distribution tree by sending join messages. PIM-SM does not flood traffic to all routers or prune routers without receivers, as PIM dense mode does.

NEW QUESTION 15
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
R4 is directly connected to both RPs (R2 and R3) R4 is currently sending all ,o,ns upstream to R3 but you want all joins to go to R2 instead Referring to the exhibit, which configuration change will solve this issue?

  • A. Change the bootstrap priority on R2 to be higher than R3
  • B. Change the default route in inet.2 on R4 from R3 as the next hop to R2
  • C. Change the local address on R2 to be higher than R3.
  • D. Change the group-range to be more specific on R2 than R3.

Answer: A

Explanation:
PIM Bootstrap Router (BSR) is a mechanism that allows PIM routers to discover and announce rendezvous point (RP) information for multicast groups. BSR uses two roles: candidate BSR and candidate RP. Candidate BSR is the router that collects information from all available RPs in the network and advertises it throughout the network. Candidate RP is the router that wants to become the RP and registers itself with the BSR. There can be only one active BSR in the network, which is elected based on the highest priority or highest IP address if the priority is the same. The BSR priority can be configured manually or assigned automatically. The default priority is 0 and the highest priority is 2515. In this question, R4 is directly connected to both RPs (R2 and R3) and is currently sending all joins upstream to R3 but we want all joins to go to R2 instead. To achieve this, we need to change the BSR priority on R2 to be higher than R3 so that R2 becomes the active BSR and advertises its RP information to R4.
Reference: 1: https://study-ccnp.com/multicast-rendezvous-points-explained/

NEW QUESTION 16
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
Based on the configuration contents shown in the exhibit, which statement is true?

  • A. Joins for group 224.7.7.7 are rejected if the source address is 192.168.100.10
  • B. Joins for any group are accepted if the group count value is less than 25.
  • C. Joins for group 224.7.7.7 are always rejected, regardless of the group count.
  • D. Joins for group 224.7.7.7 are accepted if the group count is less than 25

Answer: D

Explanation:
BGP policy framework is a set of tools that allows you to control the flow of routing information and apply routing policies based on various criteria. BGP policy framework consists of several components, such as route maps, prefix lists, community lists, AS path lists, and route filters. Route maps are used to define routing policies by matching certain conditions and applying certain actions. Prefix lists are used to filter routes based on their prefixes. Community lists are used to filter routes based on their community attributes. AS path lists are used to filter routes based on their AS path attributes. Route filters are used to filter routes based on their prefix length or range3. In this question, we have a route map named ISP-A that has two clauses: clause 10 and clause 20. Clause 10 matches any route with a prefix length between 8 and 24 bits and sets the local preference to 200. Clause 20 matches any route with a prefix of 224.7.7.7/32 and rejects it. The route map is applied inbound on the BGP neighborship with ISP-A. Based on this configuration, the correct statement is that joins for group 224.7.7.7 are always rejected, regardless of the group count. This is because clause 20 explicitly denies any route with a prefix of 224.7.7.7/32, which corresponds to the multicast group 224.7.7.7.
Reference: 3: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/iproute_bgp/configuration/xe-16/irg-xe-16-book/bgp-policy-framework.html

NEW QUESTION 17
Exhibit
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A network designer would like to create a summary route as shown in the exhibit, but the
configuration is not working.
Which three configuration changes will create a summary route? (Choose three.)

  • A. set policy-options policy-statement leak-v6 term DC-routes then reject
  • B. delete policy-options policy-statement leak-v6 term DC-routes from route-filter 2001: db9:a: fa00 : :/6l longer
  • C. set policy—options policy-statement leak-v€ term DC—routes from route-filter 2001:db9:a:faOO::/61 exact
  • D. delete protocols isis export summary-v6
  • E. set protocols isis import summary-v6

Answer: BCD

Explanation:
To create a summary route for IS-IS, you need to configure a policy statement that matches the prefixes to be summarized and sets the next-hop to discard. You also need to configure a summary-address statement under the IS-IS protocol hierarchy that references the policy statement. In this case, the policy statement leak-v6 is trying to match the prefix 2001:db9:a:fa00::/61 exactly, but this prefix is not advertised by any router in the network. Therefore, no summary route is created. To fix this, you need to delete the longer keyword from the route-filter term and change the prefix length to /61 exact. This will match any prefix that falls within the /61 range. You also need to delete the export statement under protocols isis, because this will export all routes that match the policy statement to other IS-IS routers, which is not desired for a summary route.

NEW QUESTION 18
Exhibit
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You want to use both links between R1 and R2 Because of the bandwidth difference between the two links, you must ensure that the links are used as much as possible.
Which action will accomplish this goal?

  • A. Define a policy to tag routes with the appropriate bandwidth community.
  • B. Disable multipath.
  • C. Ensure that the metric-out parameter on the Gigabit Ethernet interface is higher than the 10 Gigibit Ethernet interface.
  • D. Enable per-prefix load balancing.

Answer: D

Explanation:
VPLS is a Layer 2 VPN technology that allows multiple sites to connect over a shared IP/MPLS network as if they were on the same LAN. VPLS tunnels can be signaled using either Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) or Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). In this question, we have two links between R1 and R2 with different bandwidths (10 Gbps and 1 Gbps). We want to use both links as much as possible for VPLS traffic. To achieve this, we need to enable per-prefix load balancing on both routers. Per-prefix load balancing is a feature that allows a router to distribute traffic across multiple equal-cost or unequal- cost paths based on the destination prefix of each packet. This improves the utilization of multiple links and provides better load sharing than per-flow load balancing, which distributes traffic based on a hash of source and destination addresses4. Per-prefix load balancing can be enabled globally or per interface using the load-balance per-packet command.
Reference: 4: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/multiprotocol-label-switching-mpls/mpls/137544-technote-mpls-00.html

NEW QUESTION 19
Exhibit
JN0-664 dumps exhibit
You are examining an L3VPN route that includes the information shown in the exhibit Which statement is correct in this scenario?

  • A. The information shows a Type 1 route distinguisher.
  • B. The information shows a Type 0 route distinguisher
  • C. The information shows a Type 2 route distinguisher.
  • D. The information shows a route target

Answer: B

Explanation:
The information shows a Type 0 route distinguisher, which is one of the three types of route distinguishers defined by RFC 4364. A route distinguisher is a 64-bit value that is prepended to an IPv4 address to create a VPN-IPv4 address, which is unique within a VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) table. A Type 0 route distinguisher has two fields: an administrator subfield (2 bytes) and an assigned number subfield (6 bytes). The administrator subfield can be an AS number or an IP address, and the assigned number subfield can be any value assigned by the administrator. In this example, the administrator subfield is 65530 (an AS number) and the assigned number subfield is 1.

NEW QUESTION 20
......

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